The are several types of home education which can be used in countries where home education is legal. However, the freedom of choice between different types and methods greatly varies from country to country. Home education in some countries greatly resembles the conventional education in which teacher is replaced by one or both parents and classroom with home environment. On the other hand, some countries allow greater freedom of choice of both type and method of home education.
Besides subject-based education which is widely used in conventional education some countries also allow so called unit studies. The unit study is characterized by encompassing several subjects within any topic of interest. For example, if the topic of interest are animals, subjects can be geography (animals around the world), biology (groups of animals), history (extinct animals – dinosaurs), science (animals in space), art (animal coloring book), etc.
Very popular type of home education is also the all-in-one curriculum, a package containing lesson plans covering many subjects as well as all the necessary books and materials for both teaching and learning. They often also include testing material and recommended extra literature and materials, while the lesson plans and subjects generally follow the conventional education program. Similar to all-in-one curriculum is also student-paced homeschooling in which parents act more as guides than teachers, while children are encouraged to learn at their own pace.
Progress of information and communication technologies also enabled highly qualitative and interactive online education which can greatly improve home education. Besides numerous different home education types and approaches there is usually also a possibility for combining home education with traditional education.