The tidal forces near a black hole with mass similar to a star would tear a person apartbefore that person could
fall through the event horizon. Black hole researchers haverecently pointed out that a fanciful black hole life preserver could help counteract thosetidal forces. The life preserver would need to have a mass similar to that of an asteroidand would need to be shaped like a flattened hoop placed around the person’s waist. Inwhat direction would the gravitational force from the hoop pull on the person’s head? Inwhat direction would it pull on the person’s feet? Based on your answers, explain ingeneral terms how the gravitational forces from the life preserver would help tocounteract the black hole’s tidal forces.