The Role of Meditation in Ancient Indian Buddhist and Daoist Philosophy

From the point of view of an Ancient Indian, the search for truth was, in fact, the fundamental problem of philosophy. The truth itself was not of great value, but the knowledge of it help an individual to be released. Thus, it appears that the release, attainment of absolute freedom was a chief aim of the spiritual practices, but not the knowledge of the truth. To become free meant to advance to the next level of being, gain another modus of existence that would surpass the “normal” life and set it on a new more advanced plane.
Indeed, Yoga was regarded as a way of analyzing the concepts of perception and cognition, lying at the root implying suffering. Besides, it was perceived as a rising and expansion of one’s consciousness.&nbsp.In addition to that, the ancients understood it as a key to omniscience not to speak of the fact that it was also considered a technique for “entering into other bodies,” and generating them (White, n.d., p. 10).
As opposed to the Ancient Indian approach and understanding of meditation, the Ancient Buddhists fundamentally refrained from asceticism. At the same time, it managed to preserve meditation as a necessary means to reach the state of nirvana. So, it appears that meditation as a state of a spiritual and intellectual concentration is capable of existing without physical austerity.&nbsp.It is of particular importance to note that meditation in Buddhism was interpreted in two different ways. Someone believed that it was actually a discontinuance of all the kinds of mental activity and refinement of consciousness of all its forms. The others held the opinion that meditation was just one of the most effective means to provide an individual with contact with reality.