The History and Evolution of Border Security

In the wake of 9/11, border patrol reorganized its priorities to direct more stress on protection against terrorism and terrorist crossing the border. As security efforts were beefed up, it became clear that terrorist and other criminals may attempt to make more illegal entries through the legal entry points into the U.S. In response to this challenge, the border patrol agents in collaboration with Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICEs), Anti-smuggling Units and Customs Border and Protection (CBP) emphasized on intelligence and surveillance operations against smuggling practices and illegal human trafficking. The BP also coordinated and shared intelligence with Mexican and Canadian authorities along the southern and northern borders to heighten emphasis on preventing terrorist entry into the U.S.
After terroristic attacks later in the U.S. September 11, 2001, homeland and border security became a major concern. This move pushed the government and lawmakers to re-evaluate how territorial borders could be effectively secured and kept under close watch. On March 1, 2003, Department of Homeland Security was set up while the U.S Border Patrol merged with the U.S. Customs and Border protection which is also a constituent of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). In March 2005, after several evaluations border patrol revealed its current strategy which provided for greater stress on prohibiting entry of terrorists into the U.S. It had five core objectives that include putting in place laws that allow apprehension of terrorists and their weapons as they attempt to cross illegally. prohibiting illegal entries through improved enforcement. detecting, apprehending, and prohibiting human, drugs and contraband smuggling. use of advanced detection technology. and reduction of crime in border communities, therefore, bettering the quality of life and economic vitality of those regions. To date, the U.S. Border Patrol continues with its efforts to control and protect its borders. It has also made a move towards implementation and use of modern technology and computing systems to enforce Border Patrol laws.