The Americans in the Guadalcanal Campaign

The Americans in the Guadalcanal Campaign
The Guadalcanal campaign, otherwise called the Battle of Guadalcanal, has been the most crucial battle for the Japanese in the World War II as it marked the transition of the strategy adopted by the Allied forces from defensive operations to the offensive attack over the nation. In this strategic campaign, the Allied forces under the leadership of America came victorious over the Japanese troop in the Pacific theatre which had enjoyed supremacy over the region until then. Significantly, the Japanese could have stopped the Americans in the Guadalcanal Campaign if they did not commit some grievous mistakes in the campaign.
In a reflective analysis of the grievous mistakes done by the Japanese in the Guadalcanal campaign, it becomes lucid that they could have stopped the Americans if they had acted more wisely. As Murray and Millett report, these mistakes include the Japanese attempt to “conduct major operations simultaneously at Milan Bay [New Guinea] and in the Solomons, and the premature retirement from the Battle of Savo Island.” (Murray and Millett, 2001, P. 211). In fact, these grievous mistakes by the Japanese were partially due to the oversimplification of enemy’s capabilities and partially caused by the excessive reliance on the groundless assurance of the Japanese army. Similarly, the Japanese army was not prepared and expecting a full-blown military strategy by the Allied force and they initially regarded the American landings merely as a raid. James Burbeck suggests that the Japanese “took overly long to comprehend that a full infantry division of angry U.S. Marines had brazenly embedded themselves in the path of the imperial war machine. To complicate matters, the Marines had rushed into action before they were really prepared, mainly because their senior commanders believed they needed to strike quickly.” (Burbeck).
Significantly, the August assault on Guadalcanal happened few days earlier than the projected arrival of the first Japanese aircraft. Thus, the strategic misjudgment of the Japanese army was a crucial factor behind the ultimate defeat of the Japanese in the Pacific theatre at the hands of the Allied forces. In conclusion, the Japanese made some grievous mistakes in the campaign which ultimately ended their supremacy in the Pacific theatre.
Burbeck, James. The Guadalcanal Campaign: Turning Point in the South Pacific – 1942. The War Times Journal.
Murray, Williamson and Millett, Allan R. 2001. A War to Be Won: Fighting the Second World War. Harvard University Press. P. 211.