Social Psychology Aggression

According to the last news of Saturday 7th March 2009, 38 people have died due to rocket missile attacks during the polling in Iraq during the polling. Hundred people lost their lives due to ethnic conflicts in Jos, which is a small rural city in Nigeria. More than 550 people lost their lives due to the same reasons in Jos in January. It is very common to hear news regarding violence and aggression every day on TV, the internet and through other sources. Despite the fact that the above-mentioned couple of reports were some extreme levels of aggression but aggression in all forms, types, levels, ranges, and intensities is common everywhere on this planet. In fact, it is an essential part of animal nature and a vital characteristic.

Sigmund Freud was one of the first and one of the greatest psychologists to provide the world with his analysis of aggression. However, even more before Freud, many psychologists had put up their views in this regard. For example, Jean Jacques Rousseau, a French philosopher, and researcher came with an idea that aggression is not internal but is a product of social evils and external pressures. Conversely, experts of the early 20th century like Sigmund Freud and Konrad Lorenz were of the view that is a part of human nature and very much, intrinsic, internally driven and inborn. In this regard, Freud’s theories and views very quite interesting. According to Freud, all human behaviors are a product of sexual and instinctive drives. He explained childhood aggression or the Oedipus complex with the same view. He presents the example of a five-year-old boy who is obsessed with her mother and somewhat develops a sexual desire for her mother.

However, he is also well aware of the fact that his biggest competitive rival would be his father. Therefore, he starts to develop a feeling of hatred for his father and wants him to go away. On the other hand, he also loves his father and feels guilty and at fault for hating his father.