Prior to the emergence of labeling theory, many criminologists defined crime as behavior that violated criminal
laws. Therefore, if one violated the law, criminologists believed the state’s intervention was necessary in apprehending, prosecuting, and incarcerating them to protect society. However, beginning in the 1960s and early 1970s, the labeling theory, also referred to as the societal reaction emerged and greatly influenced criminal justice policy.
*Explain how Labeling theorists assert that the criminal justice system causes crime
Labeling simply refers to the deviance view according to which one being labeled or being
deviant leads to engagement of deviant behavior by an individual. The theory can also refer to