Occupational Health Psychology

For employees, working in shifts particularly night shifts can reduce their job satisfaction levels and morale. Shift work also impacts employees in their personal space posing issues for their family and social life, health, and safety. At the same time, shift work also extends many advantages to employees. It can help workers to hold two jobs, one during the day and another during the night (OSH, 2008). It could also be beneficial to students by providing them an opportunity to earn during their spare time. Shift work holds many advantages for companies and businesses. It is important here to acknowledge that shift work has both unique advantages and limitations. Therefore, lawmakers, regulatory bodies, companies, directors, managers, and employees need to understand in-depth the impact shift work has on employees, families, and society. This will help in identifying the advantages of shift work that can be further accentuated and the weaknesses that need to be mitigated (Finn, 1981).
With companies becoming truly global and having locations worldwide, a number of jobs require 24/7 monitoring and support. As a result, there is a number of jobs involving shift work available than daytime jobs. A number of employees are willing to take up shift work because there are more such jobs vacant in the job market than regular, daytime jobs. This enables workers to put their skills to good use and earn good remuneration in return. The most attractive feature of shift work is higher salary due to the component of shift allowance. Shift work provides employees with the unique opportunity to earn more by taking up part-time jobs during the day. A study of shift workers found that some did not want to change shifts as shift work presented them a unique opportunity to supplement their incomes by taking up a second job.