Intro to Political Science Quiz #1 Review

Characteristics of the scientific method (4 Empirical-Facts or information based on direct observation by an individual. 2. Systematic-Carefully planning of research.
3. Replication-Repeating of experiments or studies in order to compare results.
4. Search for Causes-The belief that everything in the world has a cause, and to search for causes in studies and research.
5. Provisional­­-Scientific conclusions are tenuous with subject to questions and rebuttal.
6. Objective-Objectivity to interpret the facts as they are and not how you want them to be.
7. Intersubjective Testability-The ability to test a hypotheses.
Sources of political knowledge (2) News, television, radio, print, word of mouth, and direct communication with politicians, speeches, and so forth.
Authority sources of political knowledge (2) Unbiased reporting in the media, newspapers, news programs
Definitions of politics (2)
1. a : the art or science of government b : the art or science concerned with guiding or influencing governmental policy c : the art or science concerned with winning and holding control over a government
2
: political actions, practices, or policies
3
a : political affairs or business. especially : competition between competing interest groups or individuals for power and leadership (as in a government) b : political life especially as a principal activity or profession c : political activities characterized by artful and often dishonest practices
4
: the political opinions or sympathies of a person
5
a : the total complex of relations between people living in society b : relations or conduct in a particular area of experience especially as seen or dealt with from a political point of view (Webster Dictionary 2011)
Subfields of Political Science (3) Political Philosophy, Comparative Politics and International Relations.
State sovereignty and its limits (2) States have the ability to have their own Constitution, laws, and statues. The limits of state sovereignty are limited to the Federal government. If a state law clashes with a Federal law, the Federal law will prevail. States can sue the Federal government, like in the case of National Healthcare, and then the Supreme Court will decide the issue.
Does humanitarian intervention violate sovereignty? (1 argument for and 1
against) Yes, humanitarian intervention violates sovereignty of states and countries. It depends on what the humanitarian cause consists of. Many organizations across the world believe that the death penalty is wrong. Intervention in this case would violate the United States and the individual states’ sovereignty. The same could be said for Saudi Arabia and their death penalty. America cannot intervene or violate that state’s sovereignty.
No, humanitarian intervention does not violate of states and countries. This would be the case in delivering food, supplies, and other direct need to a people in need despite their state’s wishes. It does not interfere with policy or law, but helps the country with a specific or broad need.
State functions (3)
Pluralism
Marxist
State autonomy / Institutionalism
Anarchy
Key issues that help us distinguish between ideologies (3)
Key issues are ethical set of ideals, principles, doctrines, myths, or symbols of a social movement, institution, class, or large group that explains how society should work and offers solutions for these problems.
Types of ideologies (2)
1 Anarchism
2 Conservatism
3 Environmentalism
4 Feminism
5 Liberalism
6 Nationalism
7 Religion
8 Socialism
Names of philosophers that support specific ideologies (3)
1 Anarchism-Daniel Guerin
2 Conservatism-Edmond Burke
3 Environmentalism-Preston Manning
4 Feminism-Susan B. Anthony
5 Liberalism-Jean-Baptiste Say, Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo
6 Nationalism-Johann Gottfried Herder
7 Religion-Muhammad
8 Socialism-Karl Marx
Types of democracy (2)
Direct and Indirect
Types of non-democracies (3)
Tyranny
Despotism
Monarchy
Dictatorship
Totalitarianism
Absolute rule
Authoritarian rule
Autocracy
Theocracy
Questions will be of the following character:
• List two types of ideologies. Capitalism Socialism
• List one argument justifying violating state sovereignty in the protection of
human rights and one argument against it.
If genocide is occurring in the Balkans, Germany, or Africa it would be justified in violating the state sovereignty because genocide is a crime against humanity.
It is not justified in intervening in Saudi Arabia due to women’s rights. That is a cultural issue and not up for outsiders to decide. If the women of Saudi Arabia have not revolted then it is not up to outsiders to impose their values on them.
• Name three philosophers and the ideologies for which they are known.
Karl Marx-Marxism/Communism
Democracy-Aristotle
Fascism-Fidel Castro