Hydraulic Structures

The increase in the population of the world has reached a dangerous mark at which quantity of water needed for the human beings, irrigation, and electric power production and the actual quantity of water present in the rivers has become unbalanced. Therefore, various hydraulic structures are developed in order to manage the natural flow of river water.
Hydraulic structures are those engineering works that are used to restrict, divert, or store the river water for various purposes. The main function of hydraulic structures is to manage the natural flow of water. The materials that are used in the construction of hydraulic structures include large rock, concrete, and wooden timbers. Hydraulic structures are built in such rivers where the change in the natural flow of water is desired. Hydraulic structures are designed and constructed by civil engineering professionals in order to solve various tasks related to the utilization of water.
In order to protect the environment from harmful effects of river water, civil engineering professional construct two types of hydraulic structures that are general hydraulic structures and special hydraulic structures. Let us discuss both of these structure types in order to get a better understanding of hydraulic engineering structures.
The three categories of general hydraulic engineering structures include water retaining structures, water-conveying structures, and intake structures. Water retaining structures are used to retain or raise the level of water by constructing dams on rivers. Water conveying structures are used to create tunnels and elevated structures. These tunnels, channels, or pipelines are known as artificial watercourses. These structures are also used for water navigation purposes and for encompassing spillway and overflow structures. Intake structures serve the purpose of water interception in order to transport it to the public through various water conveying structures.
Special hydraulic structures differ from general hydraulic structures in a way that these are&nbsp.employed in just a part of water utilization branches instead of being employed in all branches.&nbsp.