Throughout much of history children were being educated by their parents at home, however, education was generally limited on labour they would pursue in their adult life. Private teachers were a privilege of social elites, while there was also great difference in education according to gender. An average boy received much better education than an average girl who was usually taught by unprofessional teacher and was primally taught how to take care for household.
However, home education in past can not be compared with today’s home education which has its origin in the 1960’s when John Caldwell Holt, Dr. Raymond Moore and Ivan Illich began to promote home education as an alternative to conventional education with settings in a classroom. However, there was no greater response until the 1980’s, while the progress of information and communication technologies, in first place of world wide web, in the 1990’s greatly encouraged numerous families for home education.
Today the number of children who are being home educated is rapidly growing, while parents who prefer home education are greatly diversified. They are both religious and secular, rich and poor, rural and urban as well as of different political conviction and professions. Home education is equal to the traditional education and legally permitted in many countries throughout the world, however, in some countries home education is illegal and children are obliged to attend institutionalized schools. However, even in countries where parents have the right to choose between traditional and home education there are great differences of status, methods and types of home education from country to country.