Can somebody please specify the difference views of Freud and Nietzsche on the rationality of religious belief

The Rationality of Religious Belief
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) famously said, quot;God is dead!quot; Although in truth he
did not believe God had died, but rather, he had never existed in the first place.
It was his view that if you are and intelligent person that is able to reason, then you
understand that God is a fable, a fairy tale used by the powerful (like Roman
Emperors) to control the weak.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) had a similar take upon religious belief. In the
book, The Future of an Illusion (1927), Freud applies his psychological theory to reli-
gious belief. According to Freud, most religious belief is captured by the idea that
there is a God, one who cares about us, and that will provide us with a eternal happi-
ness after this life. An archetypal protective father figure. Freud argues that the origin
of such a belief, which is lacking almost any empirical evidence, is wish fulfillment.
It is the result of the psychological desire for protection from a cold brutal reality.
Ultimately, belief in God is simply wishful thinking on our part. As Freud says,
quot;Ignorance is Ignorance; no right to believe anything can be derived from it . . . .
Scientific work is the only road which can lead us to knowledge of reality outside of
ourselves.quot; And in Freud’s view, the logical, scientific answer is that belief in God is
not a viable, rational belief.
CHAPTER 6 What about God?
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In an opposite vain, Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) argues that belief in God
and Jesus is not (or perhaps, beyond human rationality). True understanding of God
is beyond our comprehension. In his view, God exist in a realm that is beyond time
and space and yet Jesus became part of time part of space. Jesus, as the son of God
and part of the trinity (in which the father, son, and Holy Spirit are all one) became
a contradiction, a paradox. In Kierkegaard’s view, truth is subjective and relative.
And although belief in God is contradictory and irrational, it is still possible.
Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) expresses a similar view to that of Kierkegaard in his
work, the Confessions (1880). In the Confessions, he notes that the notion that faith is
irrational has long been pervasive in philosophy. The dichotomy between faith and
reason dates back to antiquity and was taken for granted by medieval thinkers such
as St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas. Tolstoy was searching for the meaning
and purpose of life. He says that quot;I realized that it was impossible to search for an
answer to my questions in rational knowledge; rational knowledge had led me to rec-
ognize that life is meaningless. My life came to a halt and I wanted to kill myself.quot;
He felt that science and reason could not provide any answer to the question
as to why we are here, only the how-if that. He goes on to say, quot;As I looked around
at people, at humanity as a whole, I saw that they lived and affirmed that they knew
the meaning of life. I looked at myself-I had lived as long as I knew the meaning of
life. For me, as for others, faith provided the meaning of life and the possibility of
livingquot; Tolstoy would not disagree with Nietzsche or Freud, he would simply say
there is more to life than rational belief.
Philosophy