Analysis of documents 26-1 and 27-5
In both documents,nbsp.President Dwight and General Georgenbsp.takenbsp.time tonbsp.cautionnbsp.Americans on how to prevent wars and prepare for the war just in case one cropped up. In document 26-1, General George Marshall outlines the lessons learned from the World War 2.nbsp.General George believes that the citizens are the only ones who can ensure that there is nonbsp.misusenbsp.of power by schemers who are alwaysnbsp.readynbsp.tonbsp.sendnbsp.armies tonbsp.war.nbsp.According to George, some of the factors that saved America during the Second World War were the errors made by thenbsp.opponentnbsp.armies and ocean distances. He believes that these factors cannot be relied on in the future wars. George made the Americans aware of their vulnerability and strengths and by that.nbsp.the American armynbsp.knew what to do and not to do in wars.
General Georgenbsp.is, however, concernednbsp.with the peace of the world which he believes that only the strongest can bring peace to the world. Because ofnbsp.the concern by George fornbsp.a peaceful world,nbsp.Americansnbsp.arenbsp.now taking the responsibility tonbsp.visitnbsp.war torn areas, to try and bring peace.nbsp.Countries like Afghanistan, Iraq. He continues tonbsp.saynbsp.that for a nation to benbsp.strongnbsp.there must be anbsp.contributionnbsp.from all the nation citizens. In document 27-5, American President Dwight D Eisenhower surveys American achievements during the 1950’s and identifies threats posed by these achievements. In a farewell address, the president expresses concern for peace to prevail and for use ofnbsp.intellectnbsp.and othernbsp.decentnbsp.meansnbsp.to resolve conflicts. He urges people to analyze differences intellectually, and notnbsp.involvenbsp.wars (Johnson 250). The president urges that people should not think that a costlynbsp.measurenbsp.would be thenbsp.miraclenbsp.tonbsp.solvenbsp.a crisis. instead. He believes that eachnbsp.proposalnbsp.given should be weighed and considered. He advises that there cannot be emergency improvisation of national defense. President Dwight’snbsp.advicenbsp.has helped Americanbsp.negotiatenbsp.with ‘enemies’ in trying to find amicable solutions that have been arising.nbsp.It is rare,nbsp.for America go to war with a country without negotiating and finding a solution.
The president acknowledges thenbsp.presencenbsp.ofnbsp.influencenbsp.in every city, statenbsp.housenbsp.and office, but warns that the people must not fail tonbsp.comprehendnbsp.thenbsp.gravenbsp.implications. According to the president, there must be anbsp.guardnbsp.against the acquisition of unwarranted influence in thenbsp.council’snbsp.government, despite the involvement of the military complex. The president reminds the people of America that maintaining balance involves time and, the American people should avoid living only for today.nbsp.Americanbsp.is seennbsp.as one of the most preparednbsp.countrynbsp.in a situation wherenbsp.a war was to startnbsp.any time.nbsp.They have the latest equipment, latest technology and are always a step ahead. Thisnbsp.is because of suchnbsp.cautionnbsp.taken from the report by President Dwight that they arenbsp.prepared.
Both documents emphasize on the peace prevailing and avoiding a war. General George tries tonbsp.emphasisnbsp.that if there were no wars, then Americans would save a lot of money. He also calls for participation of all citizens in ensuring that thenbsp.nationnbsp.is safe.nbsp.President Dwight believes that if there is a way of settlingnbsp.crisisnbsp.and issues without fighting then thatnbsp.methodnbsp.that isnbsp.peacefulnbsp..decentnbsp.should be used instead.
Johnson, Michael. Reading the American past, Volume II: from 1865: selected historical documents. Boston: Bedford/ St. Martins, 2008. Print.